Many European countries, due to the coronavirus pandemic, introduced strict quarantine and completely closed their borders, limiting the transportation of even transit goods through their country. Over time, almost all states removed such restrictions, but now again a new wave is being observed, due to the situation in the field international cargo transportation remains unstable.
How did the pandemic affect the market of international cargo transportation?
Reduction in the number of orders delivery of goods from Europe to Ukraine and in the opposite direction – this is only part of the problem. At the same time, the risk of getting infected with COVID-19, as well as being put under observation, has increased for drivers. This made it much more difficult to find a driver. First of all, this affected small carriers and small logistics companies.
Due to the outbreak of the disease in Ukraine, as well as in the USA, Brazil, India and most European countries, a decrease in the total volume of international cargo transportation is predicted, somewhere in the range of 30-40%. According to statistical data provided by specialists of the cargo-transport company Grand Logistics Company, and compiled on the basis of the analysis of activity during the period of previous strict quarantine restrictions, depending on the type of cargo transportation, this indicator may change somewhat. In particular, the industry was the most sensitive to changes air transportation, the demand for which has fallen significantly. In second place - delivery of goods by road transport. There were also quite serious problems transportation of goods by sea, - primarily from China. It is explained by the fact that large batches of production were blocked on the territory of the country. Another problem faced by the logistics industry is the shortage of returnable containers (returnable containers).
Quarantine restrictions affected rail freight transportation the least, where a temporary decrease in the volume of transported cargo was observed, approximately by 4%. At the same time, the conditions for freight trains have improved, as passenger transportation has decreased significantly. Among the positive points, it should be noted the desire of logistics companies to reduce costs as much as possible due to optimization of processes, as well as more active use of contactless methods of issuing accompanying and customs documentation in electronic form.
Pricing and work under increased risks
At the very beginning of the pandemic, tariffs for domestic and international transportation jumped a little, but after some time they began to gradually decrease. This is explained by unstable and uneven demand. Here it is important to understand that the formation of prices for cargo delivery services must be justified and competitive. Otherwise, a sharp increase in tariffs, during a period of crisis and quarantine restrictions, may have a critical impact on some industries, but no one wants to harm themselves either. As a poet, it is important to find the "golden mean".