The seasonality of freight transportation is determined by demand. The “hottest” time of year for logistics companies is autumn – the harvest season. Vegetables and fruits spoil quickly and it is important that they are sold quickly, so transporting vegetables and fruits is a service in high demand. Farmers also want to sell their grain quickly, so the volume of transport of agricultural products increases significantly.
It is not practical for any fruit and vegetable producer to have its own fleet of vehicles. A more profitable and convenient option is to hire or partner with a logistics company. This is due to the fact that buying, maintaining, servicing and repairing trucks requires significant costs. By concluding an agreement with Grand Logistics Company, the customer receives a guarantee that the required vehicle will be delivered in good condition, on time and with a qualified and experienced driver. Grand Logistics Company employs exclusively experienced logisticians.
Subtleties of transporting fruits, vegetables and berries
There are seven main groups of vegetables and fruits, each of which represents goods that can be transported over a short period of time:
• Vegetables: horseradish, some types of onions, radishes, parsley. They can release ethylene during transportation and have a temperature range of 0 to +2°C.
• Fruits: apples, grapefruits, pears, peaches, grapes, cherries, pomegranates, peaches, plums.
• Spinach, broccoli, artichokes, onions, parsley, rhubarb, lettuce, celery, cauliflower, asparagus, carrots, leeks, corn. Due to their sensitivity to ethylene, the temperature range for transport should be between 0 and +2°C.
• Garlic and onions. They are sensitive to moisture. The temperature range during transportation should be from 0 to +2°C.
• Tangerines, lemons and cranberries. During transportation, they should be stored at +4.5°C, as they can transfer aroma to other products.
• Peppers, blueberries, potatoes, cucumbers. They do not readily tolerate cold and are sensitive to ethylene. The temperature during transportation should be +10°C.
• Ginger, tomatoes, pumpkin, avocado, mango, melon, lime. Sensitive to cold. Temperature during transportation up to +15°C.
• Tomato, watermelon, sweet potato. Do not transport together with pears. Transportation temperature up to +21°C.
A refrigerator is an indispensable vehicle that can stably maintain low temperatures or provide body heating.
International transportation of fruits and vegetables must be carried out at the recommended optimal temperature conditions. To ensure normal conditions for heat exchange and air circulation, boxes on the loading platform must be placed with a mandatory gap. In cases where boxes or boxes are filled from top to bottom, they should be placed so that there is a gap between them for air circulation. To ensure the necessary air flow, a distance of at least 50 cm must be left from the top drawer to the ceiling of the installation. A gap of 5 cm must also be left between drawers and rows of drawers.
The rules for the transport of fruits and vegetables also contain recommendations to prevent impacts on the fruit during delivery. Transport drivers must have the best qualifications and driving experience, as vehicles should not be allowed to stagger on the road.
The logistics company Grand Logistics Company carries out seasonal international transportation to such places as: Europe, CIS countries (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan), Georgia, Asia, China.